The Progressives were constantly on the move, fighting for rights, amending policies, and changing peoples minds. They began in 1895 from social issues in class conflict arose. Society was revolved around work wages, hours, labor, and safety regulations. In the despute, Muller v. Oregon (1908), Miller was granted his wish of a limited amount of hours for women to work. After the Progressives guaranteed all women the right to vote in 1920, they were on their way to “turn America into a middle-class paradise where economic security, education, health, and civility flourished.” (Keene 538). It amazed me how in such little time these activists could put ideas into action.
It’s disturbing to think that child labor was such a dominant thing back then. These children were assigned dirty and dangerous jobs and the adults used them because they didn’t want to get in the extra small places or put in the effort. Today, people complain about minimum wage, and even when considering the change in society over the decades, the $2 that these kids made was pitiful. Progressives fought for the children’s rights, Congress approved an amendment giving the Federal Government the power to regulate child labor. “A nationwide ban on child labor did not come until the 1930’s, when the court upheld a Nee Dral federal child labor law” (Keene 553). After states made school attendance mandatory, the amount of enrolled students increased. Also, the days in a school year and the money spent per child rose due to the money paid by the families. Looking at our economy and lifestyle now, this would be a normal activity for children to go to school every day, occasionally missing a day or two. This was soon an everyday routine for these kids who no longer had to work. The Progressives were definitely successful in this area.
“Ford wanted his workers to be able to afford his automobiles” (Keene 545). Therefore, he paid twice the standard wage rate an for cut an hour off his workers day. Although most people thought he was crazy, this decreased fatigue mistakes, keeping his working environment very easy to handle. Money and shorter hours are two things that any person in need of a job would want to hear, whether it’s 1930 or 2017. Ford was the kind of employer someone would want back then or today. It may have seemed like the reformers were winning this battle but, “In Lochner v. New York (1905), the court rules that unless no king work hours direct jeopardizes workers’ health, the government could not abridge an employees freedom to negotiate his own work schedule with his employer” (Keene 548). They did and did not succeed.
Having the government involved in decisions candid your business or toxicatr it. From my perspective, it all depends on your employer or boss. If they’re mean, they may not be negotiable with hours or wages and that is when you would want the government to have a set minimum wage. If they are a considerate boss, maybe they will be more lenient with hours and time off and maybe you’ll get paid a little more because of your lifestyle or morality. A risk with no government involvement would be that if you have to leave for some event or maternity leave, you are not guaranteed your job when you come back. The government truly would not be able to help you due to the fact that your employer makes all the decisions and makes the rules. In case of an accident, will the business support you financially at all? Like many young adults, I am working and taking classes and my boss isn’t very lenient, knowing my schedule and hours and working around them. He is willing to compromise and it gives me a little more freedom to work when I can. This shows how the importance of the job and the outcome can change your outlook on this past issue.