In the united states, the urban population grew in a astonishing rate between the 1860 and 1900. By the end of the 1900s, every two in five Americans lived in urban areas. Men migrated to urban areas due to agriculture becoming more mechanized, lowing demand for farm labor. As for women, the rise of American manufacturing, led to seek economic opportunities in the cities. The men and women were challenged to adjust to the new lifestyle. In the 1890s, immigrant groups formed ethnic enclaves, because they faced discrimination from Americans and other immigrant groups. By grouping together, they thought it would enhanced their chances of success in America. By grouping together they could help each other rout to survive by helping each other find jobs. Foe example Italians in Boston’s north end clustered on certain streets depending on where they came from.
ManyAmericans still saw cities as a exciting place for opportunity, entertainment, and new technology. The word “slums” was common in New York’s lowermost side in 1890, population per square mile was 334,000 people. High rates of disease and death were in every city. One disease was horse, they would drop six million pounds of manure on the streets every day. Most cities sell goods on the sidewalks, including food. These horrible conditions contributed to the epidemics. In 1890s about 10,000-12,000 children died before they were five years old. Even in the worst conditions the demand for housing was high, causing renters to rise continually. For the poor it lead to evictions, which were about 16,000 a year in New York. Due to the overall growth of people in the cities, crime also grew.
The Bradley Martin Ball in 1897 reflected rising discontent. that made farmers and industrial workers feeling exploited by powerful corporations. To address these problems were the elected officials, but they found them unresponsive. Most politicians remained lazy, which argued against government intervention in the economy. This period was marked by the most bitter and violent stiles in American history. The rise of the third party which was mostly farmers, workers, and reformers, to challenge the republicans and democrates.
The political process didn’t work very well, because they didn’t have support from a lot of the population. When women can’t vote yet, all they had was men. African Americas were anger that they couldn’t do anything about it. Poor people like farmers, and the workers were not even thought about due to their situtions. I think that politics were considered only for the rich, because they were lazy, they didn’t want to help the poor or their problems. They thought about themselves and the rich. Women, minorities, and the working men impacted the political process in a big way towards the end of the 1800s, early 1900s when they formed the third party. Which was made up of the working class, it was the peoples choice, which impacted the political process one way or another.
Keene, Jennifer D., et al. Visions of America: a history of the United States. Pearson, 2017.