WWII and the involvement of Japan.
On September 1, 1939 Hitler and his German army known as Nazis invaded Poland, declaring war on France and Britain, and had officially began world war II. Later on, two other country’s joined Germany and their assault on the world, Italy, and Japan Forming a anti Allies group known as the Axis.
Focusing on Japan, after their attack on china they aimed their sights for a country across the sea not wanted to be involve in the war, the U.S. On December 7, 1941 japan attack pearl harbor, a U.S. naval base in Hawaii. Thus forcing U.S. to join the war and fight agents japan. This assault by japan not only stirring up problems outside U.S. but inside it to, because now anyone in the U.S. are now seeing any one as Japanese descent as a threat to America, which later began Japanese prison camps known as Internment Camps.
Relocation to Internment Camps.
On February 19, 1942 president FDR signed Executive Order 9066, in which around 10,000 to 20,000 Japanese immigrants or Americans were forcefully, and unfairly remove from their homes to be relocated to Internment camps. They had to sell all their possessions they had and could only keep what they could carry with them, then they had white numbers pin to their cloths and sent on trains to the internment camps. Canada and Mexico also fallowed suit and relocated Japanese citizens in their country’s also.
Inside Assembly and Relocation Centers. (Internment Camps).
For some Japanese, before they are sent to the main Internment camps they were sent to Assembly camps near their home, the Assembly camps were old fairgrounds or race tracks, environments not suited for human habitation. For instance, they had to sleep in horse stalls or cow sheds that been converted for that purpose. Food shortage and substandard sanitation were also problems at these camps.
In Internment camps, each one was like its own little town, if a town was surrounded by armed soldiers pointing guns at the inhabitants, barb wire, and guard towers (kind of like a prison). Each facility had work facilities like schools, post offices, and farms for food and livestock, and jobs for them to such as doctors and teachers, but were only paid less than an army private.
As for a jail like facility there was also violence in them. There were some cases of people trying to escape but were instantly gun down, or when a riot would break out due to lack of rations and overcrowding, in which armed men in riot gear beat the Japanese crowd, and tear-gassed them, usually killing at least one person in the process. There were also cases of people being shot for going to close to the perimeter.
U.S. Realizing there oops.
By 1945 Internment camps were finally closed due to a supreme court decision. This was because a court case for daughter of a Japanese immigrant named Mitsuye Endo, which led to the ending of these horrible internment camps and freedom of the Japanese. The U.S. government now realized that what they did was wrong and un-constitutional, but it wasn’t until 1988 when the U.S. government decided to offer an apology in $20,000 to the 60,000 surviving internees of the 110,000 there was originally. Even still, this apology probably wouldn’t heal the internal and external wounds form this event, from the family or friends they lost, or the three or so years of their life wasted in a prison like environment for a crime these people didn’t cause. Hopefully nothing like this ever happens again in the U.S.
Keen, Jennifer D., “Visions of America: a History of the United Stated”. Pearson, 2015.
History.com Staff. “Japanese Internment Camps.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 2009, http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/japanese-american-relocation#section_10.