Civil Disobedience played a very important role in the civil rights movement, it caused the world to take notice of their cause. The movement may have not been as big as it was without these acts. Some of these acts were the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and the sit-ins.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
On December 1st, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give her seat up to a white man and was then arrested. The Montgomery Women’s Political Council decided to have a bus boycott on the day of Rosa Parks trial, and because of the good outcome, they continued this boycott for a year (Keene, 772). Martin Luther King Jr came to be the true leader of this protest, advocating for nonviolence. They believed that the buses would not survive without African Americans paying to ride them, and eventually, they would stop the practice of segregating transportation. They had a couple demands of the city: allow first come first serve seating, and hire black bus drivers. These were denied, so they proceeded to go through with their plan. 42 stops were developed throughout the city, and volunteers would go pick up these people. People began bombing these points, which only gave more coverage to their efforts. Due to these acts, the MIA (Montgomery Improvement Association) decided to add desegregation of the buses to their list of demands.
After the desegregation of schools, the focus moved to other places, like lunch counters and department stores. James Lawson started workshops to help college students with being able to perform these nonviolent tasks. He believed that violence would never have positive results. The sit-in that drew the most attention was one that occurred in 1960. Four college students decided to go sit at an all-white lunch counter in North Carolina. This put the sit-in movement in full swing. Churches and schools all over the south were sending people to various locations to sit even after they were refused service. Nashville Police ended up arresting Lawson’s group, and the lawyer that represented them had his home bombed.
These few acts led to great achievements in rights for African Americans. Although not directly related to these two events, schools were finally desegregated, and the federal government was backing the children that were being integrated into the previously all-white schools. This was done through the Brown V. Board of Education case. Buses ended up being completely desegregated, and they were allowed to sit wherever they wanted on a bus without being forced to move. It also caused the lunch counters to be open to all people as well. Without the actions of those heroic people, people would not have the rights that they do now.
Keene, Jennifer. Visions of America: A History of the United States, 2017. Print.