Goesaert v. Cleary was a case which was being fought because women were prohibited from being licensed as bartenders in cities having a population of over 50,000 people. They were only allowed to bartend if the bar was owned by the woman’s father or husband. According to the article “Mixing it up” women were viewed as not smart and not as conversational as men. Women were said to not be able to handle situations or drunks as well as men could.
Although women were allowed to work while there men were away at war, once the men returned they were no longer needed. They were expected to return to their duties as the housewife. Even though they were not able to bartend, they were not excluded from being waitresses. Even being a waitress the woman working is still dealing with the same people that men claimed she was not capable of dealing with. Union workers from Detroit local 562 claim that “bartenders not only have to be brave, but they practically have to know jujitsu”.
The fact women were prohibited from being bartenders brought up the issue that it was in violation of the fourteenth amendment. The claim was rejected by a panel of three male judges. I think that the outcome of this case shows that at that time women were pretty much viewed as objects. They were used up while their men were away and when there was no use for them anymore they were pushed to the side and disregarded.
French, Amy Holtman. “Mixing it Up: Michigan Barmaids Fight for Civil Rights,” Michigan Historical Review, Vol. 40 No. 1 (2014). pp. 27-48.