Throughout the industrial age, workers were treated badly while employers ruled courts and legislatures.
The Industrial Revolution was a time period where we learned a lot about manufacturing processes and how to improve them. The huge amount of raw material and the increasing workforce allowed for the industrial revolution to make such a prospering America. The increased development and manufacturing of new ideas also helped further the industrial revolution.
Many factors led to America surpassing all other industrializing countries by the 1900s. America possessed two main parts to rapid industrialization; one being that America had an abundance of raw materials; two being the abundance of cheap labor taking form in woman and children.
Employers had enough money to pay off politicians and in a way control how things were done concerning their business. Employers liked having control over their business; the type of control they used was almost comparable to leaders of the past using absolute power. Having this control over the politicians allowed them to do anything they wanted in their busness; pay women lower wages, place children in job they shouldn’t have, and underpay all workers.
Even though the industrial revolution gave us many machining techniques and different ideas, many people lost their jobs due to new machines and the growth of technology. This new workplace that the industrial revolution created was very dangerous that the book states 35,000 people died and 500,000 people injured. The cost of living was considerably higher then what the men were making on their own so the woman and children went and worked to help their family. The Chinese were also attacked for taking white peoples job’s and lowering wages. This got to the point where they banned all Chinese immigration and the Chinese exclusion act was passed. This act prevented all Chinese from immigrating to America.
The creation of unions was to organize workers and improve the conditions that the workers faced while in the factories. In 1866 the NLU was formed by William Sylvis. The NLU sought to unite all workers to secure demands such as an eight hour day. Employers didn’t like these unions because they liked the control that they had over their employees, the union would take some of that power from them. Many employers used spies to expose the unions and place them on the blacklist. The blacklist was a list of workers that employers in a town or industry would not hire because they were ‘troublemakers’. While workers were on strike, employers would hire replacement workers and liked the support from officials who would order officers to help arrest people outside the workplace.
Keene, Jennifer, Cornell, Saul, and O’Donnell, Edward Revel Visions of America: A History of the United States, Volume 2, 3E.