The United States were united in terms of the states, but not all cultures were seen as equals. They were segregated. Women, African-Americans, Hispanics, and Asians were all heavily discriminated throughout the history of Earth. This changed in the mid to late 20th century. During the 1950’s, rights activist started to flourish throughout the USA. They aimed to be ‘united’, as the name of our country indicates. How was our “great” country supposed to be united when nobody loved each other? The different cultures among America clashed in the 1950’s to the 70’s, all fighting for unity, and barely surviving the war.
African-Americans were declared their freedom of slavery in 1865 through the Thirteenth Amendment, they were still not seen as equal. They were segregated by the color of their skin. They were forced to attend separate schools, lived in different neighborhoods, and were not even allowed to drink out of the same fountain as the whites. In 1954 a push for desegregation was made in Brown v. Board of Education came into play. In this case the African-Americans pushed for the desegregation of school districts. Black children attended nasty schools with a nasty education to join it.
By far the hardest and widest push for equality, the African-Americans were led by very powerful people. Their leaders consisted of (but were not limited to) Martin Luther King Jr., Malcom X, and Rosa Parks. All three of these leaders used different strategies to fight for their rights. MLK is seen as the most influential of the era. He took a non-violent approach to the matter. Never giving in to any violent tendencies, he was still bombarded with death threats throughout his life as an activist. These threats became a reality when his home was burned to the ground, and he was shot in 1964, which in my opinion proves that the African-American’s had every right to enjoy their lives, and should be able to fight for their rights in whatever way they could achieve it. Martin Luther King Jr’s death only provoked more action to take place. MLK and his legacy led the African-Americans to continue to fight for equality to this day.
Another very important fight for freedom was led by women. Women have been fighting for equality for as long as they existed. It was during this period that NOW (National Organization for Woman) was formed. I find that NOW’s acronym is wonderful considering how they wanted their rights literally NOW! NOW’s goal was to increase employment, education, and overall equality in women. They had a very large impact in the USA, and their fight for rights was well heard. There was even an executive order placed to hire more women in the government.
Besides women and African-Americans, there were many other groups that were widely discriminated against. I hate how these cultures had to fight for their rights in America the “land of the free”. I still do not believe that segregation is over. The States still need to be United. Every day there is a new controversial event consisting of whites vs. a minority (I also hate how they are called this, there should be no such thing as a “minority”). Although the fight for rights has been greatly diminished due to rights being granted, there are still many groups of people that have not been able to fully integrate themselves into the modern day society. This is due to the barriers created by the disgusting racial profiling that happens every day. New issues have currently surfaced with the creation of new genders and sexualities. These can be easily compared to the civil rights movements in the 1900’s. My opinion stands strong as steel on both issues. I believe that everyone is created equal. Everyone deserves a chance to live their life with a purpose. With freedom. With UNITY.