Goesaert v Cleary and Gender Norms

What does Goesaert v Cleary tell us about gender norms of this time? As veterans returned from WWII, the inevitable fear of a lack of jobs for returning veterans forced law makers into passing legislation they felt would benefit our returning vets. These laws included the decision in Goesaert v Cleary, to prohibit woman from serving liquor as barmaids, unless they were the bar owners … Continue reading Goesaert v Cleary and Gender Norms

If You Want A Drink, Should It Matter Whose Mixing It?

Nowadays it is very common for you to be greeted by a female bartender. However, it was not always that way. Along with many others, Detroit Local 562 of the Bartenders’ Union members shared the same view on woman mixing up alcohol beverages. They believed women were not knowledgeable, outgoing, sociable or even physically capable of being a bartender. Although this belief was widely accepted … Continue reading If You Want A Drink, Should It Matter Whose Mixing It?

Goesaert v. Cleary

Goesaert v. Cleary was a case which was being fought because women were prohibited from being licensed as bartenders in cities having a population of over 50,000 people. They were only allowed to bartend if the bar was owned by the woman’s father or husband. According to the article “Mixing it up” women were viewed as not smart and not as conversational as men. Women … Continue reading Goesaert v. Cleary

Goesaert v. Cleary: Barmaids and the Fourteenth Amendment

As with many professions during the second World War, women took the place of men in bartending among many others. After men returned from the war, they demanded that women leave their positions and return to what they thought was the best position for a women in society: being a housewife. It is obvious with the gender norms of the time that women bartenders would … Continue reading Goesaert v. Cleary: Barmaids and the Fourteenth Amendment

Women’s Labor Reforms

In the late 1800’s into the early 1900’s, a sharp increase in industrialization and a large wave of immigration reshuffled the working class and made social change a viable movement in urbanized cities. Though still unable to vote, many strong, determined women dared to challenge both government and social norms for the betterment of women’s wage work and labor laws. Florence Kelley, a college educated … Continue reading Women’s Labor Reforms

Women Paving the Way

The laws originally adopted by the American government before women pushed for the organization of the labor movement created harsh divides between the genders and what was expected of each. As men, you were to be involved in our democracy and decision making for the country and you were to be the breadwinner and/or sole provider for your family in whichever occupation you so chose. … Continue reading Women Paving the Way

Industrial and Social Revolutions

In light of America’s Industrial Revolution beginning in the 1800’s, the country was exhibiting features of social reform in schools, the workplace, and traditional society. The allowance of white, middle- class women to attend college along with the development of social science prompted a dynamic shift orchestrated by women who wanted revised laws in favor of fair treatment for women and children. And yet, despite … Continue reading Industrial and Social Revolutions

Blog Topic #4 for HIS 225

Thinking about the women you read about in this week’s articles and primary sources (350-376 and 377-382), as well as the labor movement and the Industrial Revolution, discuss wage work. Did our laws and social reform programs create gender constructs of men as wage earners? What gender constructs did we make at the turn of the century regarding women? Continue reading Blog Topic #4 for HIS 225

Women & Witchcraft in Puritan America

The idea behind what it means to be a witch has been misconstrued for as long as time has told its tale. For example, during the Salem Witch Trials of 1692, witches were often believed to be women possessed by the devil. This is a belief found in Carol F. Karlsen’s “The Devil in the Shape of a Woman” essay which will be thoroughly discussed … Continue reading Women & Witchcraft in Puritan America

Welcome to the 1450-1750 era: Witchcraft

    The real meaning of witchcraft is not the first thing that may come to your mind when you know nothing about the history of it. You may think that witchcraft is full of actual witches that you may have dressed up as for Halloween as a child, with your broomsticks and pink pointy sparkly hats. Witchcraft must mean that there has to be … Continue reading Welcome to the 1450-1750 era: Witchcraft

Women, Gender and Witchcraft

Why did neighbors or acquaintances launch accusations of witchcraft against particular persons? Neighbors and acquaintances launched accusations of witchcraft against particular persons because according to Anthropologists, witches are defined as people whose behavior enacts the things that the community fears. This is one of the keys to understanding a society during this period and how they associated witchcraft to things they thought wrong or they … Continue reading Women, Gender and Witchcraft

Blog Topic #1 for HIS 225

Topic: Thinking about “Devil in the Shape of a Woman,” why did neighbors or acquaintances launch accusations of witchcraft against particular persons? What do you think this tells us about gender and about this time in American history? **Please refer to the blog schedule on eLearning (under Content) to see who is assigned to post a blog for this week. You will need to create your … Continue reading Blog Topic #1 for HIS 225